GUATEMALAN DOGO STANDARD
DR. ARTURO CHAVEZ
VETERINARY ZOOTECHNIST DOCTOR
JUDGE ALL ROUNDER
TRANSLATION: Doctor Arturo Chávez
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE STANDARD
USE: Companion, protection and service dog.
CLASSIFICATION FCI Group II Pinscher type dogs
Mountain and boyeros
Swiss and other races.
Section 2. 1 Molossian - Dogo type.
With proof of work.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is a race that was formed naturally; It already existed at the end of the 19th century and / or the beginning of the 20th century, there are photographs from that time where the dog appears in the bullring of Guatemala. In the formation of this breed, the Boxer, Dalmatian and English Bullterrier breeds of large size were mainly involved, this criterion passed from generation to generation of the breeders of that time. The English Bullterrier was very significant in the formation of this breed, which is why it was called the Guatemalan Bullterrier during almost the entire 20th century. There are also photographs of the dog from 1933 on the Las Trochas farm in what is now zone 14 of Guatemala City. In Guatemala, two families were known as the oldest in breeding Guatemalan Bull Terriers, one of them was the Gerardi family in 1910 and the other the Gallusser family in 1930, who already had these dogs distributed in various parts of the Republic (Escuintla, Suchitepeques and Guatemala City). At the end of the 20th century and taking into consideration the phenotypic characteristics of the breed, ACANGUA (Asociación Canofila Guatemalteca) authorized the change of name to Dogo Guatemalteco. Currently the DOGO GUATEMALTECO has a presence in several countries of the world.
The Dogo Guatemalteco is a medium-sized, long-haired dog with short and smooth hair, which as a whole denotes health and strength, is robust, powerful, agile, resistant and has excellent muscles distributed throughout the body.
Length of the body: Height at the withers: Its structure is long, which means that the dog is longer than it is tall. If we draw a horizontal line from the tip of the shoulder (meeting) to the tip of the buttock (ischial tuberosity) this distance can exceed a maximum of ten percent to the dog's height, which is taken by drawing a vertical line from the ground. to the cross.
Depth of chest: Height at the withers: The depth of the chest corresponds to half the height at the withers, 1: 2 and reaches the elbows.
Skull-Facial Ratio: It is 2: 1.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: It is a well balanced dog between its courage, corpulence and strength; his demeanor is calm, obedient and loving, characterized by his affection and loyalty to his family; with strangers, he is distrustful and his gaze instills respect, he becomes kind when he observes that the stranger is a friend of the family, otherwise he is always alert and protective.
His temperament is well balanced, stable and sure of himself, "he is never a coward"; Therefore, it is an ideal dog for guardianship, defense and protection.
HEAD: The head is one of the most important regions in the breed, since its conformation, proportions and color make the difference with other similar breeds. Due to its zoometric measurements, ethnologically, it corresponds to the group of “brachycephalic”; having a strong, broad, voluminous appearance, well proportioned to the rest of the body; its beauty depends on the harmonious proportions between the skull and muzzle. Its shape is rectangular, where the width of the skull and the muzzle (base) predominate over their length.
We find two to four wrinkles on the skull and two on each side of the lip corners, they become more visible when the dog is on alert.
The hair on the head is short, it is preferred that they present spots and patches of different colors and sizes, but it can be totally white.
Skull: Must be wider than long, allowing square skulls; it is strong, broad, solid, convex, cuboid in shape. The skull is vaulted, and may have a medium deep groove, which extends to the parietals.
The fronto-nasal depression (stop) is well marked and concavilline.
Muzzle: it is strong, well developed, square in appearance, with a rectilinear nasal bridge and a length that varies between six and eight centimeters, its height at the base is greater than its length; it should always have the proper proportions to the skull.
Nose: it is wide with large and broad nostrils, with black pigment, allowing a maximum of twenty percent depigmentation.
Lips: thick and strong, the upper lips hang slightly laterally; on the front of the muzzle, the lips are close to the gums and the edge of the upper lip rests on the edge of the lower lip.
Chin: marked, but in its anterior part it should not exceed the upper lip.
Jaw / bite:
Jaws: they are powerful, well developed, of medium size.
Bite: powerful, the ideal is scissors, but prognathism is allowed.
Teeth: the incisors must be well aligned; the canines separated, developed and strong; premolars are less developed and one of them may be missing; the molars are strong and developed.
Cheeks: they are developed, reaching up to the muzzle.
Eyes: medium in size, alert and wide apart; brown, black or hazelnut in color, presenting almond-shaped eyelids with partial black or light edges.
Ears: medium-sized, set high, with a medium length and hanging on the sides of the skull, surgically cut is allowed
NECK: strong, muscular, moderately long and arched, without dewlap, the skin is thick and elastic.
BODY: it is a dog with a long body, since the length of the trunk is greater up to a maximum of ten percent than the height of the dog.
Cross: strong and muscular.
Back: strong and muscular, broad and forms a dorsal line that gently descends towards the tail.
Loins: strong, broad and muscular, they should not be very long.
Croup: strong and muscular, sloping back, square or slightly wider than long.
Chest: seen from the front it is broad, broad, deep and muscular.
Thorax: deep reaching to the tips of the elbows; the height from the sternum to the withers represents fifty percent of the dog's height. The ribs are well arched and strong, they extend backwards giving us a wide thorax.
Inferior line: from the end of the sternum to the pelvis, the abdomen line is slightly collected.
TAIL: the insertion is high, it should not exceed the dorsal line, having a medium length that can reach the hock; it may be surgically amputated.
PREVIOUS LIMBS: seen from the front, they should be parallel, straight, strong; with good angulation, well poised and with good bone and muscle structure.
Back: it is well attached to the body, presenting strong and well developed muscles.
Shoulders: well defined and firmly supported by the thorax.
Arms: broad, thick, must be well attached to the body with well developed muscles.
Elbows: close to the body without looking bent outwards.
Forearms: they are strong, straight, vertical, seen from the front they are parallel, with a good bone structure.
Carpus: relatively short, small and strong.
Pasterns: short, strong and slightly sloping.
Front feet: strong, toes close together, with strong and coarse pads.
Nails: short, curved, strong, dark or light.
HIND EXTREMITIES: seen from behind, from the hip joint they form a straight line towards the ground, they are parallel to each other, with strong bones and developed muscles, good angles and well poised.
Thighs: their direction is parallel to the median plane and they have strong and well developed muscles.
Knees: the joint is strong, formed by the thigh, leg and kneecap, with an approximate angle of one hundred and twenty degrees.
Legs: formed by strong bones and developed muscles, they are parallel to the median plane of the body.
Hocks: they are strong with a wide anterior angle, they are straight, parallel and well poised.
Tarsi: short and perpendicular to the ground.
Metatarsals: strong vertical and well poised.
Hind feet: strong, toes close together, with strong coarse pads.
Nails: short, curved, strong, dark or light.
MOVEMENT: harmonious, agile and well balanced; When trotting they do not present any lateral breakage of the back; they jog strong and well coordinated.
SKIN: it must present dark or brown spots or moles, of different sizes, which can be distributed throughout the body or in partial regions.
HAIR: short, hard, shiny and close.
COLOR: body hair must be white; on the head, it is preferred that they present spots and patches of different colors and sizes, but it can be totally white.
SIZE: Measured from the withers to the ground.
Males: 54 - 60 centimeters.
Females: 52 - 58 centimeters.
Males: 40 - 45 Kilograms.
Females: 35 - 40 Kilograms.
Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered a fault and its severity is considered in proportion to the degree of the standard deviation.
* GENERAL APPEARANCE: absence of sexual characteristics; little substance; weak bones; lack of strength; weakness and poor poise.
* BEHAVIOR / CHARACTER: loss of control in their behavior; aggressiveness or lack of temper and cowardice.
* HEAD: small, weak, narrow and that in its regions (skull and muzzle (base), the longitudinal diameters (long) predominate, over the transverse diameters (wide); lack of the middle groove in the skull.
Weak jaws, misaligned teeth,
Blue eyes or with anisochromia; the nose that exceeds twenty percent depigmentation.
Ears not amputated: erect, semi-erect or pink and set too low.
* NECK: short, thin, narrow, with dewlap.
* BODY: lack of substance, poor musculature, poorly proportioned.
Sunken or beaten back lumbar line; drooping and narrow rump, narrow chest, with poor depth; hanging belly.
* TAIL: broken or low set.
* EXTREMITIES: weak muscles, incorrect angles; bad poise; loose shoulders and elbows; spread feet and crooked toes.
* COAT: long, soft, dull, wavy hair, alopecic areas.
* MOVEMENT: lack of coordination, clumsiness, little range.
CHARACTER: too much aggressiveness or cowardice.
EYES: blue or anisochromia.
COAT / SKIN: long and with spots of color on the body other than white.
SKULL AND SNOUT: long in relation to its width.
Any dog showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities should be disqualified.
NB: Males must have two normal-appearing testes fully descended into the scrotum.